1. In dialogue, a contradiction emerges when a first speech turn is not ratified by the partner’s following turn. The contradiction is open when the two parties produce anti-oriented speech turns. When the opposition is thematized and ratified by both participants, it gives rise to an argumentative situation.
Contradictions can be solved on the spot by a series of adjustments and arrangements, by playing on the margins of indeterminacy and windows of opportunity left by ordinary language and actions.
3. Contradiction as a relation between opposite terms, S. Opposites