# 1. Logic

In logic, two propositions are converse (in a relation of conversion) if they swap their subjects and their predicates. “As are Bs” and “Bs are As” are converse propositions. The converse of a true proposition is not necessarily true, S. Proposition.

# 2. Grammar and argumentation

In grammar, conversion can apply to any binary structures. Restructuring an expression of the opponent, that is, playing with his or her words, can be instrumental in reversing the global orientation of his or her discourse, according to the mechanisms of the antimetabole, S. Orientation Reversal.

Well, you know, this talk about the so-called pleasures of retirement is just empty talk to mask the retirement of pleasures.
Personally, I’d prefer a frightful end to this endless fright.
González, on Kohl ‘He fought for a European Germany, never again a German Europe.(El País, 07-01-2017)

One can radically counter-argue a proposition by emphatically supporting its converse, S. Causality (II); Analogy:

S1 —     A is the cause of B;
A is like B; A mimics, copies B.

S2 —     Not at all! B is the cause A!
B is like A; B copies A.

In the same way, a sweeping defense strategy consists in converting the roles of accuser and accused, first by applying the reciprocity principle, “it takes one to know one”:

You blame me (for X), I blame you (for Y)
You filed a complaint against me (for X), I file a complaint against you (for Y).

and, second, by converting the position about the same criminal offense:

You are the culprit, you did it, you, who accuse me!

The child’s reply “he who says it did it” converts the accusation, , and justifies the counter-accusation:

S1 — You stole the orange!
S2 — No, you
stole it, who says it did it!

The fact that S1 accuses S2 is used by S2 as an argument to accuse S1. S. Reciprocity; Stasis.